Raichur District

Raichur District is an Administrative district in the Indian state of Karnataka. it’s settled within the northeast a part of the state and is delimited by Yadgir district within the north, Bijapur and Bagalkot district within the northwest, Koppal district within the west, Bellary district within the south, Mahabubnagar district of Telangana and Kurnool district of province within the east.

GEOGRAPHY

The district is delimited by the krishna river on the north and also the Tungabhadra river on the south. The wedge of land between the rivers is understood because the Raichur Doab, when the city of Raichur. Bijapur and Gulbarga districts mislead the north across the krishna river. Bagalkot and Koppal districts lie to the west. Across the Tungabhadra lies Bellary District of Karnataka State to the southwest and Mahabubnagar of Telangana to the southeast. Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh state lies to the east.

HISTORY

The recorded history of the district is derived to as so much back because the third century B.C. the actual fact that 3 minor rock edicts of Ashoka are found during this district one at Maski within the Lingasugur taluk and therefore the different two close to Koppal, prove that this space was enclosed within the dominions of the great Mauryan king Ashoka (273 Р236 B.C.).  At that point, this region was under the governance of the Viceroy or Mahamatra of Ashoka. Early within the epoch, the district seems to possess been a section of the dominion of the Satavahanas. The Vakatakas, who reigned throughout the third and fourth centuries A.D., appear to possess control sway over Raichur for sometime, once which it seems to have been enclosed within the Kadamba dominions. following family line of importance, which dominated over this region, was that of the Chalukyas of Badami. Consistent with an inscription from Aihole, Pulakeshin II having defeated the Pallavas, occupied this area and created it a province in his empire under the governance of his son Adityavarma. Later the whole of this Raichur district was enclosed within the dominions of the Rashtrakutas, who rose to power in the eighth century, as might be gathered from the inscriptions of that amount found during this district. According to an inscription from Manvi Taluka, one Jagattunga, a subordinate ruler under the Rashtrakuta King Krishna-II, was ruling the province of Adedore Eradusavirapranta, the area constituting this Raichur district. Nripatunga, a Rashtrakuta king, has represented Koppal in his South Dravidian work, Kavirajamarga, because the nice Kopananagara.

Raichur district was passed to Vijayanagara Empire in 1323 once dying of Kakatiyas as a result of invasions of Sultans of Old Delhi. it had been captured by Bahmani Sultans in 1363. It had been passed to Bijapur Sultans in 1489 once fragmentation of Bahmanids. Vijayanagara recaptured it once Battle of Raichur in 1520 but Bijapur recaptured in 1565 once Vijayanagara’s defeat at hands of Deccan Sultanates throughout Battle of Talikota. Aurangzeb, emperor of Mughal Empire captured the district in 1686. Finally 1724 Raichur became a region of Nizam of Hyderabad between 1724 and 1948 except geographical region rule between 1853 and 1860 as a part of Madras Presidency. Throughout Nizam rule it had been a region of Gulbarga Division.

After the Operation Polo, Nizam was forcibly integrated to Indian Union on seventeen Sept 1948. Between 1948 and 1956, it had been a region of Hyderabad State. Throughout division of the state on linguistic basis, it became a region of Mysore State and later was renamed State of Karnataka.